Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland, it is not always bacterial in nature. Antibiotic treatment regimen for prostatitis can be useless and even harmful if the nature of the disease is not clearly defined.
The first thing you should start treatment with is a thorough examination by a specialist. Neglected acute pathology often becomes chronic. This can deprive a man of the opportunity to live a full sexual life and become a father. In addition, the symptoms of the disease are not only physical suffering, but also constantly cause psychological depression.
Effective treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics is not only possible, but also necessary in case of bacterial damage. If the causes of inflammation are due to other factors, then the urologist will prescribe adequate treatment after a thorough examination.
Look for lifestyle causes of prostatitis
No sexually mature man is immune to inflammation of the prostate gland. According to statistics, only 5% of patients consult a urologist.
The main factors that provoke inflammatory processes in the prostate can be:
- congestive processes in the pelvic organs (insufficient blood circulation). This is a sedentary lifestyle, including work. Excess weight. Lack of sexual life during adulthood;
- bacteria (infection). These include STDs, poor hygiene, chronic inflammation in the body (rotten teeth, tonsillitis, smoker's bronchitis);
- inflammation of the prostate after surgical or other mechanical intervention (for example, insertion of a catheter, trauma);
- Tuberculosis of the prostate gland is rarely diagnosed.
The prostate gland is located at the base of the bladder and surrounds the urethra (urethra). Normally, prostate tissue does not block urine.
Inadequate blood circulation leads to oxygen starvation of prostate tissues, which inhibits its work and contributes to the activation of pathological processes. The prostate grows in size, "pinching" the urethra, which immediately affects the process of urination. It is the problems related to the rapid emptying of the bladder that cause discomfort in the prostate gland.
Attention! Active prostatitis is fraught with complications such as inflammation of the urethra and seminal vesicles. Delaying treatment means condemning yourself to infertility or impotence.
An integrated approach to the treatment of prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis cannot be limited to antibiotics. Don't be surprised if your doctor tells you that you need to change your diet and exercise. You may need further consultation with an endocrinologist to check hormonal levels, sugar levels and help with weight loss.
Physiotherapy is prescribed as an emergency aid for blood circulation in the prostate. Can be:
- ultrasound sessions;
- low frequency laser;
- mud treatment;
- enemas with medicinal solutions.
In complex application, these therapeutic measures contribute to more effective prostate treatment. But the main effect is that a man gains confidence in his abilities by changing himself and his lifestyle.
Treatment of acute bacterial infection
Acute bacterial prostatitis is a serious infection that requires immediate hospitalization and adequate antibiotic therapy. Therapeutic measures begin with prescribing bed rest for the patient.
If the condition is assessed as severe, antibiotics are prescribed before the tests. These are broad-spectrum penicillin drugs or tetracyclines.
Antibiotic treatment of bacterial prostatitis may begin with antibiotics that actively circulate and accumulate in body fluids and tissues. It is effective against most bacteria. A therapeutic dose is maintained in the organs from 4 to 12 hours.
However, for the treatment of the prostate, it is necessary to use drugs that will accumulate in the tissues of the prostate gland and the genitourinary system. Bacteriological studies of prostate secretion are carried out to identify the pathogen. According to its results, the course of treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics is adjusted.
As a rule, a culture from prostate fluid indicates that it is caused by an infection:
- enterococci, E. coli - pathogens that are the usual "residents" of intestinal flora;
- staphylococci, streptococci - pathogens that often penetrate from the outside.
Urological experience shows the effectiveness of antibiotics of the latest generation fluoroquinolone group.
Treatment of bacterial prostatitis with antibiotics lasts at least one month. The usual course is 6-8 weeks.
When prescribing a course of treatment with antibiotics for prostatitis, the doctor is guided not only by the causative agent of the infection, but also by the age, the condition of the patient's body, his allergic and immune status. In some cases, aminoglycosides are effective.
Among the macrolides, the antibiotic of the erythromycin group showed the best results in the treatment of acute prostatitis. Since it is administered intravenously, its use in hospital conditions is justified.
Dose from 500 to 1000 mg per day as prescribed by the doctor.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis at home
The success of the fight against a chronic disease is the responsibility of the patient himself. Antibacterial therapy at home includes a wide range of antibiotics that can be taken in tablet form. Their reasonable price is of great importance.
These are drugs of the penicillin group. It is necessary to strictly adhere to the dosage of these drugs.
A wide range of medications are used to treat inflammation caused by STDs.
Don't forget! Antibacterial therapy is effective only when the full course of treatment is completed. Cutting it off when the symptoms are gone is driving the infection deeper.